- Examples of Effective Techniques for Improving the Quality of Environmental Documents (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials [ASSHTO] and Federal Highway Administration [FHWA], 2014. This report provides techniques for improving environmental documents for transportation projects
and real-world examples of those techniques. The report explains techniques such as effective use of page layout, writing style, and graphics as well as effective ways to address National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements,
such as purpose and need, alternatives analysis, methodologies, and mitigation. Each chapter includes an excerpt from recent Environmental Impact Statements (EISs), including annotations.
- Every Day Counts Quality Environment Documentation Fact Sheet 21st Century Solutions v4 (FHWA, 2012)
This fact sheet describes FHWA’s initiative to implement quality environmental documentation through its Every Day Counts program. It promotes existing recommendations and current best practices to simplify
and expedite the development of environmental documents. The initiative focuses on appropriately and effectively documenting the project purpose and need, consideration of alternatives, and impacts. More information about this
initiative is available at the FHWA Every Day Counts website at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/everydaycounts/edctwo/2012/doc.cfm.
- Keys to Efficient Development of Useful Environmental Documents (Federal
Transit Administration [FTA], 2007)
This handbook provides guidance on preparing environmental documents for FTA. It focuses on techniques to better consider and address three issues:
1. Compliance: Do environmental
documents satisfy the content requirements of NEPA-implementing regulations and relevant guidance?
2. Utility: Are environmental documents written to be useful to the public and decision makers?
3. Practicality: Are
procedural techniques to reduce paperwork and delay being effectively employed?
- Improving the Quality of Environmental Documents (AASHTO, FHWA, and the American Council of
Engineering Companies, 2006)
This report identifies three core principles of quality NEPA documents:
Principle 1 - Tell the story of the project so that the reader can easily understand the purpose
and need of the project; how each alternative would meet the project goals, and the strengths and weaknesses associated with each alternative.
Principle 2 - Keep the document as brief as possible, using
clear concise writing; an easy-to-use format; effective graphics and visual elements; and discussion of issues and impacts in proportion to their significance.
Principle 3 - Ensure that the document meets
all legal requirements in a way that is easy to follow for regulators and technical reviewers.
- Synthesis of Data Needs for EA and EIS Documentation—A Blueprint for NEPA Document Content (National Cooperative Highway Research Program [NCHRP], 2005)
This research project laid the foundation for the subsequent reports published by AASHTO and FHWA (listed above). The report identifies a range of effective
practices for improving environmental documents. It reviews several Environmental Impact Statements and recommends techniques as well as a possible “Blueprint” for creating improved NEPA documents.
- Legal Sufficiency Considerations (NCHRP,
This is an excerpt from the NCHRP 2005 report, which was also reprinted in the 2006 joint report. It lists recommendations for complying with legal requirements; while explaining complex information in a way that
is easy to follow for agency reviewers, courts, and the public.
- Plainlanguage.gov - US federal government resources maintained by the Plain Language Action and Information Network (PLAIN), a community of federal employees dedicated to the idea that citizens deserve clear communication from government. The website includes guidelines, training opportunities, examples, and references.
- Writing User-Friendly Documents (US Department of Transportation, 2013)
This handbook provides techniques for writers of US Transportation documents to achieve three goals:
o Engage the reader
o Write clearly
o Write in a visually appealing style
- Additional Training - FDOT employees may search Learning Curve for computer based training and instructor-led courses to improve writing skills, including plain language techniques.