Aviation and Spaceports Office
Pursuant to Section 332.006, FS, the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Aviation and Spaceports Office supports aviation planning efforts through the Florida Aviation System Plan, the Continuing Florida Aviation System Planning Process, the Airport Master Planning and Airport Layout Plans Review, and the Air Cargo System Plan Update. To assist with planning, FDOT developed the Eight Steps to Building a New Airport document. FDOT also supports aviation studies and documents such as the Florida Statewide Economic Impact Study, the Air Service Study, the Airport Demand/Capacity Study, the Air Cargo Executive Summary Brochure, and Airport Air Service Profiles. Finally, FDOT develops several aviation forecast documents, including the Commercial Service Enplanement Forecast, the Commercial Service Operations Forecast, the General Aviation Based Aircraft Forecast, and the General Aviation Operations Forecast.
Florida Aviation System Plan
The latest Florida Aviation System Plan (FASP) was developed in 2005. The FDOT, in cooperation with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Florida’s public airports, focused the system plan on traditional aviation system planning elements, but also included an analysis of the intermodal aspects of the state transportation system. The FASP also includes a strategic planning element, identifying seven strategic goals considered essential by a stakeholders group of aviation professionals.
Continuing Florida Aviation System Planning Process
The Continuing Florida Aviation System Planning Process (CFASPP) is comprised of nine regional committees and one statewide committee whose members include aviation professionals and other transportation/planning experts from across the State. Those stakeholders provide the input necessary to keep the FASP as current and modern as possible through continual revisions and updates. CFASPP also provides an opportunity to continually monitor the aviation environment and determine the development requirements to best meet projected aviation demands. Through regular meetings, these committees help to provide regional and statewide input critical to the ongoing enhancement of the Florida Aviation System.
Eight Steps to Building a New Airport
Because airports provide vital services and can be powerful economic engines for the surrounding communities, new airports are sometimes proposed by communities that lack those elements in reasonable proximity. To be included in the FASP, and thereby eligible for public funding, an airport must be sponsored by a grant-eligible public agency. A grant-eligible agency is a Florida unit of local government (i.e. a city or a county) or an authority defined in Florida law. In most cases, a new airport proposed for the FASP will be new construction, but a proposed public airport may also be an existing airport to be purchased by or conveyed to an eligible sponsor. To provide guidance to the sponsors of prospective public airports, FDOT developed the Eight Steps to Building a New Airport document, and is considered the standard process for gaining acceptance into FASP. The eight steps detailed in the document are sponsorship by a grant-eligible public agency, conduct a feasibility study, determine qualification for acceptance into FASP and the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS), site selection and preliminary environmental planning, facility planning, local government planning, an environmental impact analysis, and airport construction.
Florida Statewide Economic Impact Study
The Florida Statewide Economic Impact Study was prepared as part of an element of the FASP, and has been routinely updated as conditions in the State warrant. The study provides an estimated, annual economic impact on the economy of the state of Florida associated with 19 commercial service airports, 102 public-use general aviation airports, and 11 military aviation facilities. Economic benefits are expressed as direct, indirect, and induced (multiplier) impacts. Direct impacts are those associated with on-airport businesses, airport construction, and airport management. Indirect impacts are those associated with off-airport activity such as Florida visitor spending. Induced impacts are those created when this initial direct and indirect spending recirculates through the Florida economy. The study expresses economic impacts in terms of total economic activity (output), employment, and payroll. The Florida Statewide Economic Impact Study is a crucial document for increasing awareness of the significance of aviation’s role in Florida’s statewide economy.
You may contact the Aviation Program Development Manager for additional information. The most recent Executive Summary, Technical Report, and the individual Airport Economic Impact Summary Reports are available at the Florida Statewide Economic Impact webpage.
Guidebook for Airport Master Planning
FDOT developed the Guidebook for Airport Master Planning as an educational and reference tool for airport owners and sponsors, operators, and aviation consultants throughout the state that may be involved in the airport master planning process. The Guidebook was designed with the intent to help the user understand the development, preparation, and use of airport master planning documents in Florida, to understand the components of an approved plan, and to select the planning tasks and projects that are applicable to the individual airport and situation. The Guidebook also provides a list of references, including FAA Advisory Circulars and other relevant publications that may be applicable to the master planning process.
Air Cargo System Plan Update
The Air Cargo System Plan was developed as an element of the FASP, and it is routinely updated as conditions warrant. The study was conducted to analyze the vast air cargo industry in Florida, and includes an analysis and comparison of air and road feeder service capacity and schedules, an analysis of the air cargo surface transport system as it relates to Florida airports, and an analysis of freight and cargo activity at general aviation airports in Florida. The plan details cargo activity at the 15 Florida airports that have scheduled air cargo activity, revealing Miami International Airport to have over 80 percent of the state’s scheduled cargo activity. Through extensive mapping, the plan document also shows all air and ground connections at these 15 airports.
Air Service Study
The Analysis of Scheduled Commercial Air Service in Florida Update 2011 was created to provide FDOT and its aviation partners with present and historical data to benchmark changes in Florida’s commercial airline service. This most recent update includes data from 2010 and 2011. The study provides an analysis of the airline industry in Florida, including travel patterns, demand for service, nonstop destinations, and fare costs, as well as factors that may affect the industry such as the cost of fuel. The study then provides regional profiles and details on each commercial service airport in the state, and compares Florida to the national commercial air service industry.
Airport Air Service Profiles for each of the 19 Commercial Service airports in the State were created as an addition and augmentation of the Air Service Study. These profiles provide a summary of the data presented in the update to the Air Service Study as well as additional information pertaining to routing and market leakage for the individual airport.
You may contact the Aviation Program Development Manager for additional information. The most recent update and past versions of the study, and the individual Airport Air Service Profiles are available at the Florida Air Service Studies webpage.
Airport Demand/Capacity Study
The Airport Demand/Capacity Study was completed in 2012 to assess the current demand/capacity (D/C) ratio at each public airport in Florida. The study produced a spreadsheet depicting this D/C ratio for each airport in the study year of 2012, and in the forecast years of 2020, 2025, 2030, 2040, 2050, and 2060. When capacity reaches 60 percent, an airport should begin planning for capacity enhancements. By the time capacity reaches 80 percent, construction of airport capacity enhancements should begin.
The Aviation Program Development Manager maintains historical operational data and forecasted data in the areas of Commercial Service Enplanements, Commercial Service Operations, General Aviation Based Aircraft, and General Aviation Operations. You may contact the Aviation Program Development Manager for additional information. Each forecast is available for download.
The Commercial Service Enplanement Forecast shows both historical (1995 to 2014) and forecasted (2015 to 2034) enplanement (passengers boarding aircraft) data plus historical and forecasted compound average growth rates for Florida’s commercial service airports. Historic data comes from the FAA’s Air Carrier Activity Information System (ACAIS) database.
The Commercial Service Operations Forecast shows both historical (1995 to 2014) and forecasted (2015 to 2034) operations (take-offs and landings) data plus historical and forecasted compound average growth rates for Florida’s commercial service airports. Historical data comes from the FAA’s Terminal Area Forecast (TAF). You may also visit the FAA’s TAF website.
The General Aviation Based Aircraft Forecast shows both historical (1995 to 2014) and forecasted (2015 to 2034) based aircraft data, plus historical and forecasted compound average growth rates for Florida’s general aviation airports.
The General Aviation Operations Forecast shows both historical (1995 to 2014) and forecasted (2015 to 2034) operations (take-offs and landings) data, plus historical and forecast compound average growth rates for Florida’s general aviation airports.
Florida General Aviation Airport Business Plan Guidebook Overview
The Florida General Aviation Airport Business Plan Guidebook and associated Primer were developed by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Aviation and Spaceports Office to serve as a resource for Florida’s general aviation airports to develop business plans. These documents were developed through a cooperative effort with Florida’s general aviation airports, the Florida Airports Council, and other aviation professionals in Florida.