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Office of Environmental Management Office / OEM Resources / Native American / Muscogee (Creek) Nation

Muscogee (Creek) Nation

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FDOT | EMO | Native American Coordination | Muscogee (Creek) Nation

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The Muscogee (Creek) Nation

The Muscogee (Creek) people are descendants of a culture that, before AD 1500, spanned the entire region known today as the Southeastern United States. Early ancestors of the Muscogee constructed earthen pyramids along the rivers of this region as part of their elaborate ceremonial complexes. The historic Muscogee later built expansive towns within these same broad river valleys in the present states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida and South Carolina. In the removal treaty of 1832, Muscogee leadership exchanged the last of their ancestral homelands for new lands in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The U.S. Army enforced the removal of more than 20,000 Muscogee (Creeks) to Indian Territory in 1836 and 1837.

Today, the Muscogee (Creek) Nation is located in Oklahoma and has land claims in the Florida panhandle. The tribal headquarters is located in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, and the tribe has approximately 44,000 tribal members. The Muscogee (Creek) Nation, along with the Seminole Nation, is considered one of the “Five Civilized Tribes,” a name bestowed by the U.S. government in the mid 1800s because of the belief that these tribes adapted more quickly than others to European ways. Additional information on the Muscogee Creek Nation is available on their website: http://www.muscogeenation-nsn.gov/.

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